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Modern pentathlon

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Wikipedia:Modern Pentathlon

The modern pentathlon is a sports contest consisting of five events, derived from the Greek root of pente, meaning five. The events are epee fencing, pistol shooting, 200 m freestyle swimming, a show jumping course on horseback, and a cross-country run. The epithet modern is important to discern it from the ancient athletics pentathlon – none of the events of modern penthatlon was part of the ancient Olympics.

The modern pentathlon was invented by the Baron Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic Games. As the events of the ancient pentathlon were modeled after the skills of the ideal soldier of that time, Coubertin created the contest to simulate the experience of a 19th century cavalry soldier behind enemy lines: he must ride an unfamiliar horse, fight with pistol and sword, swim, and run.

The event was first contested at the 1912 Olympic Games, and was won by Swedish athlete Gösta Lilliehöök.

The modern pentathlon has been on the Olympic program continuously since 1912. A team event was added to the Olympic Games in 1952 and discontinued in 1992 . An event for women was added in 2000 . In non-Olympic years, a World Championship is held, beginning in 1949. Originally the competition took place over four or five days; however in 1996 a one-day format was adopted in an effort to improve the event's commercial image. In spite of the event's strong pedigree in the modern olympics, and its status as the only event created specifically for the modern olympic games, its lack of widespread popularity outside of Eastern Europe has led to calls for its removal from the Olympic games in recent years.

However, a vote by the IOC on July 8, 2005 keeps it in the Olympic Program at least till 2012.

The sport is governed by the Union Internationale de Pentathlon Moderne (UIPM), the International Modern Pentathlon Union.

Disciplines of the modern pentathlon Edit

ShootingEdit

Template:Seealso The shooting discipline involves using a 4.5 mm air pistol in the standing position from 10 metres distance at a stationary target. Each competitor has 20 shots, with 40 seconds for each shot.

FencingEdit

Template:Seealso The fencing discipline uses the épée. The competition is a round-robin, with each competitor facing all of the others. Each lasts about one minute, with the first to score a hit winning. If neither fencer scores within one minute, the bout is scored as a double loss.

SwimmingEdit

Template:Seealso The swimming discipline is a 200 m freestyle race. Competitors are seeded in heats according to their fastest time over the distance.

RidingEdit

Template:Seealso The riding discipline involves show jumping over a 350-450 meter course with between 12 and 15 obstacles. Competitors are paired with horses in a draw 20 minutes before the start of the event.

RunningEdit

Template:Seealso The running discipline involves a 3,000 m cross-country race. Competitors are ranked according to their score from the first four disciplines and given different start times, with the leader going first. The first person to cross the finish line is the overall winner of the pentathlon.

World champions Edit

Individual men Edit

Year Athlete Nationality
1949 Tage Bjurefelt Sweden (also known as SWE) Flag of Sweden
1950 Lars Hall Sweden (also known as SWE) Flag of Sweden
1951 Lars Hall Sweden (also known as SWE) Flag of Sweden
1953 Gábor Benedek Hungary (also known as HUN) Flag of Hungary
1954 Björn Thofelt Sweden (also known as SWE) Flag of Sweden
1955 Konstantion Salnikov Template:URS
1957 Igor Novikov Template:URS
1958 Igor Novikov Template:URS
1959 Igor Novikov Template:URS
1961 Igor Novikov Template:URS
1962 Eduard Sdobnikov Template:URS
1963 András Balczo Hungary (also known as HUN) Flag of Hungary
1965 András Balczo Hungary (also known as HUN) Flag of Hungary
1966 András Balczo Hungary (also known as HUN) Flag of Hungary
1967 András Balczo Hungary (also known as HUN) Flag of Hungary
1969 András Balczo Hungary (also known as HUN) Flag of Hungary
1970 Péter Kelemen Hungary (also known as HUN) Flag of Hungary
1971 Boris Onishchenko Template:URS
1973 Pavel Lednev Template:URS
1974 Pavel Lednev Template:URS
1975 Pavel Lednev Template:URS
1977 Janusz Pyciak-Peciak Poland (also known as POL) Flag of Poland
1978 Pavel Lednev Template:URS
1979 Robert Nieman United States (also known as USA) Flag of the United States
1981 Janusz Pyciak-Peciak Poland (also known as POL) Flag of Poland
1982 Daniele Masala Italy (also known as ITA) Flag of Italy
1983 Anatoli Starostin Template:URS
1985 Attila Mizser Hungary (also known as HUN) Flag of Hungary
1986 Carlo Massullo Italy (also known as ITA) Flag of Italy
1987 Joël Bouzou France (also known as FRA) Flag of France
1989 László Fabian Hungary (also known as HUN) Flag of Hungary
1990 Gianluca Tiberti Italy (also known as ITA) Flag of Italy
1991 Arkadiusz Skrzypaszek Poland (also known as POL) Flag of Poland
1993 Richard Phelps GBR (also known as GBR) Flag of the United Kingdom
1994 Dmitri Svatkovski Russia (also known as RUS) Flag of Russia
1995 Dmitri Svatkovski Russia (also known as RUS) Flag of Russia
1996 Alexander Parygin Kazakhstan (also known as KAZ) Flag of Kazakhstan
1997 Sebastien Deleigne France (also known as FRA) Flag of France
1998 Sebastien Deleigne France (also known as FRA) Flag of France
1999 Gábor Balogh Hungary (also known as HUN) Flag of Hungary
2000 Andrejus Zadneprovskis Lithuania (also known as LTU) Flag of Lithuania
2001 Gábor Balogh Hungary (also known as HUN) Flag of Hungary
2002 Michal Sedlecký Czech Republic (also known as CZE) Flag of the Czech Republic
2003 Eric Walther Germany (also known as GER) Flag of Germany
2004 Andrejus Zadneprovskis Lithuania (also known as LTU) Flag of Lithuania
2006 Edvinas Krungolcas Lithuania (also known as LTU) Flag of Lithuania
2007 Viktor Horvath Hungary (also known as HUN) Flag of Hungary

Individual women Edit

Year Athlete Nationality
1981 A Ahlgren Sweden (also known as SWE) Flag of Sweden
1982 W Norman GBR (also known as GBR) Flag of the United Kingdom
1983 L Chernobrywy Canada (also known as CAN) Flag of Canada
1984 S Jakovleva Template:URS
1985 B Kotowska Poland (also known as POL) Flag of Poland
1986 I Kisselyeva Template:URS
1987 I Kisselyeva Template:URS
1988 D Idzi Poland (also known as POL) Flag of Poland
1989 Lori Norwood United States (also known as USA) Flag of the United States
1990 Eva Fjellerup Denmark (also known as DEN) Flag of Denmark
1991 Eva Fjellerup Denmark (also known as DEN) Flag of Denmark
1992 I Kowalewska Poland (also known as POL) Flag of Poland
1993 Eva Fjellerup Denmark (also known as DEN) Flag of Denmark
1994 Eva Fjellerup Denmark (also known as DEN) Flag of Denmark
1995 K Danielsson Sweden (also known as SWE) Flag of Sweden
1996 Janna Dolgaschewa-Schubenok Belarus (also known as BLR) Flag of Belarus
1997 J Suworowa Russia (also known as RUS) Flag of Russia
1998 Anna Sulima Poland (also known as POL) Flag of Poland
1999 Zsuzsanna Vörös Hungary (also known as HUN) Flag of Hungary
2000 P Svarre Denmark (also known as DEN) Flag of Denmark
2001 Stephanie Cook GBR (also known as GBR) Flag of the United Kingdom
2002 Bea Simoka Hungary (also known as HUN) Flag of Hungary
2003 Zsuzsanna Vörös Hungary (also known as HUN) Flag of Hungary
2004 Zsuzsanna Vörös Hungary (also known as HUN) Flag of Hungary
2005 Claudia Corsini Italy (also known as ITA) Flag of Italy
2006 Marta Dziadura Poland (also known as POL) Flag of Poland
2007 Amelia Caze France (also known as FRA) Flag of France

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